vernal pool

Mittineague

Fall Foliage Sequence of Common Forest Trees in Southern New England

There are 22 plants in blossom on September the 21st.
Beggar Ticks Bidens frondosa blossoms between Aug 29 and Sep 22
Butter-and-eggs Linaria vulgaris Jul 10 to Sep 20
Chicory Cichorium intybus Jun 28 to Oct 24
Common Dodder Cuscuta gronovii Sep 02 to Oct 02
Common Evening Primrose Oenothera biennis Aug 02 to Sep 20
Common Ragweed Ambrosia artemisiifolia Jul 20 to Sep 20
Common St. Johnswort Hypericum perforatum Jun 08 to Sep 26
Daisy Fleabane Erigeron annuus May 30 to Oct 24
Fall Dandelion Leontodon autumnalis Aug 02 to Sep 30
Galinsoga Galinsoga ciliata Aug 01 to Oct 11
Hedge Bindweed Convolvulus sepium Sep 18 to Sep 18
Lady's Thumb Polygonum persicaria Aug 12 to Oct 20
Nodding Smartweed Polygonum lapathifolium Aug 12 to Oct 22
Panicled Aster Aster simplex Sep 23 to Sep 30
Red Clover Trifolium pratense May 23 to Oct 24
Shrubby Cinquefoil Potentilla fruticosa Jun 03 to Sep 19
Spotted Knapweed Centaurea maculosa Jul 31 to Sep 20
Sweet Everlasting Gnaphalium obtusifolium Aug 28 to Oct 24
Sweet Goldenrod Solidago odora Jul 31 to ....
From: A Sierra Club Naturalist's Guide to Southern New England, by Neil Jorgensen, Drawings by Katharine Brewer and Priscilla Kunhardt, Sierra Club Books, San Francisco. 1978. pages 8 and 9.

EARLY (late September)


Species
Red Maple, Acer rubrum
Site
swamp
Colors
bright red, bright orange
Remarks
First swamp tree to lose leaves
Species
White ash, Fraximus americana
Site
uplands, stream banks
Colors
maroon, rust, dark greenish red
Remarks
distinctive colors, often very early, trees in dry sites lose leaves first

MIDDLE (early to middle October)


Species
Hickories, Carya spp.
Site
site varies, often common in lower slopes of upland forest
Colors
intense yellow
Remarks
compound leaves give the foliage a lacy appearance
Species
Black birch, Betula lenta
Site
most sites except wettest and driest
Colors
yellow, though not as intense as the hickories
Remarks
lustrous black bark also helps in identification
Species
Poison sumac, Rhus vernix
Site
swamps and bogs
Colors
bright orange
Remarks
shrub or small tree, compound leaves, excellent time for recognition
Species
Red maple, Acer rubrum
Site
slopes of upland forest
Colors
bright orange, yellow, red
Remarks
healthy trees will sometimes retain leaves until end of October, light gray bark also aids recognition
Species
Beech, Fagus grandiflolia
Site
somewhat moist shady sites
Colors
light green to yellow to brown, tips of branches turn brown first
Remarks
smooth light gray bark, spreading habit
Species
Tupelo, Nyssa sylvatica
Site
edges of swamps and ponds
Colors
intense dark red
Remarks
twiggy irregular habit
Species
Sugar maple, Acer saccharum
Site
lower slopes of upland forests, roadsides
Colors
bright orange turning yellow
Remarks
leaves larger, bark more furrowed than red maple
Species
Quaking aspen, Populus tremuloides
Site
waste ground, old fields
Colors
various shades of yellow
Remarks
light greenish - gray bark
Species
Sassafras, Sassafras albidum
Site
old fields, edges of woods, dry sites
Colors
pinkish orange
Remarks
distinctively shaped leaves
Species
Staghorn sumac, Rhus typhina
Site
old fields, waste ground
Colors
brilliant orange becoming brilliant red
Remarks
often grows in large clumps, dark red furry shrub
Species
Maple - leaved viburnum, Viburnum acerfolium
Site
upland woods
Colors
purplish maroon
Remarks
common shrub in oak woods

LATE (may retain color until November)


Species
Red oak, Quercus rubra
Site
upland forest
Colors
variable, reddish brown
Remarks
colors brighter on sapling trees, usually larger than surrounding trees
Species
Black oak, Quercus velutina
Site
upland forest
Colors
variable, yellowish brown
Species
Norway maple, Acer platanoides
Site
introduced but naturalized near civilization
Colors
brilliant yellow
Remarks
last of the maples
Species
Wild cherry, Prunus serotina
Site
lower slopes of upland woods, old fields
Colors
green changing to yellow
Remarks
one of the last deciduous trees to change color
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