vernal pool

Mittineague

Fall Foliage Sequence of Common Forest Trees in Southern New England

There are 23 plants in blossom on April the 26th.
Bluets Houstonia caerulea blossoms between Apr 18 and Jun 18
Common Blue Violet Viola papilionacea Apr 20 to May 13
Common Chickweed Stellaria media Mar 26 to Jun 09
Common Dandelion Taraxacum officinale Apr 03 to May 21
Common Winter Cress Barbarea vulgaris Apr 25 to May 30
Dutchman's Breeches Dicentra cucullaria Apr 10 to Apr 24
Dwarf Cinquefoil Potentilla canadensis Apr 18 to May 30
Field Pussytoes Antennaria neglecta Apr 10 to May 05
Field Sorrel Rumex acetosella Apr 28 to May 18
Garlic Mustard Alliaria officinalis Apr 29 to Jun 17
Ground Ivy Glechoma hederacea Apr 20 to Jun 18
Moss Phlox Phlox subulata Apr 16 to Jun 01
Mouse-ear Chickweed Cerastium vulgatum Apr 24 to May 27
Myrtle Vinca minor Apr 11 to Jun 01
Northern Blue Violet Viola septentrionalis Apr 18 to May 15
Northern White Violet Viola pallens Apr 21 to May 21
Round-lobed Hepatica Hepatica americana Apr 25 to Apr 25
Shepherd's Purse Capsella bursa-pastoris Apr 29 to May 12
Smaller Forget-me-not Myosotis laxa Apr 29 to May 12
Small-flowered Bitter Cress Cardamine par....
From: A Sierra Club Naturalist's Guide to Southern New England, by Neil Jorgensen, Drawings by Katharine Brewer and Priscilla Kunhardt, Sierra Club Books, San Francisco. 1978. pages 8 and 9.

EARLY (late September)


Species
Red Maple, Acer rubrum
Site
swamp
Colors
bright red, bright orange
Remarks
First swamp tree to lose leaves
Species
White ash, Fraximus americana
Site
uplands, stream banks
Colors
maroon, rust, dark greenish red
Remarks
distinctive colors, often very early, trees in dry sites lose leaves first

MIDDLE (early to middle October)


Species
Hickories, Carya spp.
Site
site varies, often common in lower slopes of upland forest
Colors
intense yellow
Remarks
compound leaves give the foliage a lacy appearance
Species
Black birch, Betula lenta
Site
most sites except wettest and driest
Colors
yellow, though not as intense as the hickories
Remarks
lustrous black bark also helps in identification
Species
Poison sumac, Rhus vernix
Site
swamps and bogs
Colors
bright orange
Remarks
shrub or small tree, compound leaves, excellent time for recognition
Species
Red maple, Acer rubrum
Site
slopes of upland forest
Colors
bright orange, yellow, red
Remarks
healthy trees will sometimes retain leaves until end of October, light gray bark also aids recognition
Species
Beech, Fagus grandiflolia
Site
somewhat moist shady sites
Colors
light green to yellow to brown, tips of branches turn brown first
Remarks
smooth light gray bark, spreading habit
Species
Tupelo, Nyssa sylvatica
Site
edges of swamps and ponds
Colors
intense dark red
Remarks
twiggy irregular habit
Species
Sugar maple, Acer saccharum
Site
lower slopes of upland forests, roadsides
Colors
bright orange turning yellow
Remarks
leaves larger, bark more furrowed than red maple
Species
Quaking aspen, Populus tremuloides
Site
waste ground, old fields
Colors
various shades of yellow
Remarks
light greenish - gray bark
Species
Sassafras, Sassafras albidum
Site
old fields, edges of woods, dry sites
Colors
pinkish orange
Remarks
distinctively shaped leaves
Species
Staghorn sumac, Rhus typhina
Site
old fields, waste ground
Colors
brilliant orange becoming brilliant red
Remarks
often grows in large clumps, dark red furry shrub
Species
Maple - leaved viburnum, Viburnum acerfolium
Site
upland woods
Colors
purplish maroon
Remarks
common shrub in oak woods

LATE (may retain color until November)


Species
Red oak, Quercus rubra
Site
upland forest
Colors
variable, reddish brown
Remarks
colors brighter on sapling trees, usually larger than surrounding trees
Species
Black oak, Quercus velutina
Site
upland forest
Colors
variable, yellowish brown
Species
Norway maple, Acer platanoides
Site
introduced but naturalized near civilization
Colors
brilliant yellow
Remarks
last of the maples
Species
Wild cherry, Prunus serotina
Site
lower slopes of upland woods, old fields
Colors
green changing to yellow
Remarks
one of the last deciduous trees to change color
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