vernal pool

Mittineague

Fall Foliage Sequence of Common Forest Trees in Southern New England

There are 46 plants in blossom on May the 28th.
Bittersweet Nightshade Solanum dulcamara blossoms between May 30 and Sep 06
Blue Toadflax Linaria canadensis May 23 to Jun 17
Bluets Houstonia caerulea Apr 18 to Jun 18
Canada Mayflower Maianthemum canadense May 15 to Jun 03
Celandine Chelidonium majus May 07 to Sep 11
Cleavers Galium aparine May 15 to May 27
Common Blackberry Rubus allegheniensis May 30 to Jun 05
Common Chickweed Stellaria media Mar 26 to Jun 09
Common Cinquefoil Potentilla simplex Apr 30 to Aug 19
Common Fleabane Erigeron philadelphicus May 30 to Jun 18
Common Winter Cress Barbarea vulgaris Apr 25 to May 30
Cow Vetch Vicia cracca May 23 to Aug 29
Creeping Wood Sorrel Oxalis corniculata May 28 to Aug 29
Daisy Fleabane Erigeron annuus May 30 to Oct 24
Dame's Violet Hesperis matronalis May 15 to Jun 18
Dwarf Cinquefoil Potentilla canadensis Apr 18 to May 30
False Solomon's Seal Smilacina racemosa May 15 to May 30
Field Hawkweed Hieracium pratense May 23 to Sep 07
Garlic Mustard Alliaria officinalis Apr 29 to Jun 17
Golden Alexanders Zizia aurea May 15 to May 30
Great Chickweed Stellaria pubera May 07 to Jun 19
Ground Ivy Glechoma hederacea Apr 20 to Jun 18
Japanese Honeysuckle Lonicera japonica May 21 to May 30
Larger Blueflag Iris versicolor May 21 to Jun 05
Lesser Stitchwort Stellaria graminea May 30 to Jun 11
Marsh Bedstraw Galium palustre May 30 to Jun 19
Moss Phlox Phlox subulata Apr 16 to Jun 01
Mouse-ear Chickweed Cerastium vulgatum Apr 24 to May 27
Myrtle Vinca minor Apr 11 to Jun 01
Oxeye Daisy Chrysanthemum leucanthemum May 15 to Aug 02
Pink Lady Slipper Cypripedium acaule May 15 to May 28
Red Clover Trifolium pratense May 23 to Oct 24
Star of Bethlehem Ornithogalum umbellatum May 26 to Jun 01
Stout Blue-eyed Grass Sisyrinchium augustifolium May 30 to Jun 25
Tall Buttercup Ranunculus acris May 15 to Jul 16
Thyme-leaved Speedwell Veronica serpyllifolia May 10 to Aug 02
True Forget-me-not Myosotis scorpioides May 02 to Jun 07
Water Hemlock Cicuta maculata May 15 to Jul 16
White Campion Lychnis alba May 15 to Jun 22
White Clover T....
From: A Sierra Club Naturalist's Guide to Southern New England, by Neil Jorgensen, Drawings by Katharine Brewer and Priscilla Kunhardt, Sierra Club Books, San Francisco. 1978. pages 8 and 9.

EARLY (late September)


Species
Red Maple, Acer rubrum
Site
swamp
Colors
bright red, bright orange
Remarks
First swamp tree to lose leaves
Species
White ash, Fraximus americana
Site
uplands, stream banks
Colors
maroon, rust, dark greenish red
Remarks
distinctive colors, often very early, trees in dry sites lose leaves first

MIDDLE (early to middle October)


Species
Hickories, Carya spp.
Site
site varies, often common in lower slopes of upland forest
Colors
intense yellow
Remarks
compound leaves give the foliage a lacy appearance
Species
Black birch, Betula lenta
Site
most sites except wettest and driest
Colors
yellow, though not as intense as the hickories
Remarks
lustrous black bark also helps in identification
Species
Poison sumac, Rhus vernix
Site
swamps and bogs
Colors
bright orange
Remarks
shrub or small tree, compound leaves, excellent time for recognition
Species
Red maple, Acer rubrum
Site
slopes of upland forest
Colors
bright orange, yellow, red
Remarks
healthy trees will sometimes retain leaves until end of October, light gray bark also aids recognition
Species
Beech, Fagus grandiflolia
Site
somewhat moist shady sites
Colors
light green to yellow to brown, tips of branches turn brown first
Remarks
smooth light gray bark, spreading habit
Species
Tupelo, Nyssa sylvatica
Site
edges of swamps and ponds
Colors
intense dark red
Remarks
twiggy irregular habit
Species
Sugar maple, Acer saccharum
Site
lower slopes of upland forests, roadsides
Colors
bright orange turning yellow
Remarks
leaves larger, bark more furrowed than red maple
Species
Quaking aspen, Populus tremuloides
Site
waste ground, old fields
Colors
various shades of yellow
Remarks
light greenish - gray bark
Species
Sassafras, Sassafras albidum
Site
old fields, edges of woods, dry sites
Colors
pinkish orange
Remarks
distinctively shaped leaves
Species
Staghorn sumac, Rhus typhina
Site
old fields, waste ground
Colors
brilliant orange becoming brilliant red
Remarks
often grows in large clumps, dark red furry shrub
Species
Maple - leaved viburnum, Viburnum acerfolium
Site
upland woods
Colors
purplish maroon
Remarks
common shrub in oak woods

LATE (may retain color until November)


Species
Red oak, Quercus rubra
Site
upland forest
Colors
variable, reddish brown
Remarks
colors brighter on sapling trees, usually larger than surrounding trees
Species
Black oak, Quercus velutina
Site
upland forest
Colors
variable, yellowish brown
Species
Norway maple, Acer platanoides
Site
introduced but naturalized near civilization
Colors
brilliant yellow
Remarks
last of the maples
Species
Wild cherry, Prunus serotina
Site
lower slopes of upland woods, old fields
Colors
green changing to yellow
Remarks
one of the last deciduous trees to change color
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